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School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering

Now offering two distinct diplomas: Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering

Organic Chemistry


SchoolChemical and Environmental Engineering
Course LevelUndergraduate
Course IDCHENVE 101Semester2nd
Course CategoryRequired
Course ModulesInstruction Hours per WeekECTS
Lectures, Tutorials and Laboratory exercises6
Th=2, E=1, L=3
Course Type General Background
Instruction/Exam LanguageGreek
The course is offered to Erasmus studentsYes
Course URL 



Learning Outcomes

The students will:

  • Understand the basic concepts and principles of Organic Chemistry
  • Learn the various functional groups found in organic compounds and the main classes of organic compounds
  • Gain knowledge on the main reactions of organic compounds and understand their corresponding mechanisms
  • Become familiar with the basic laboratory techniques employed in organic chemistry
  • Carry out in the laboratory some of the main chemical reactions of organic compounds
General Competencies/Skills
  • Review, analysis and synthesis of data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Work in interdisciplinary environment
  • Environmental protection


Α. Theory:

  1. Introduction to Organic Chemistry: structure and bonding of organic compounds. Alkanes and cycloalkanes
  2. Stereochemistry at tetrahedral centers
  3. An overview of organic reactions
  4. Alkenes: structure, and reactivity. Alkynes: structure, preparation and reactivity
  5. Alkyl halides: structure, preparation and reactivity with emphasis on substitution and elimination reactions
  6. Structure determination of organic compounds: mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ultraviolet spectroscopy
  7. Benzene and aromatic compounds: structure, aromaticity and electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions
  8. Alcohols, phenols, ethers, epoxies, thiols and sulfides: structure, properties, preparations and reactivity
  9. Aldehydes and ketones: structure, preparations and nucleophilic addition reactions
  10. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives: structure, preparations and nucleophilic acyl substitution, alpha-substitution and carbonyl condensation reactions
  11. Amines and heterocyclic compounds: structure, basicity and reactivity
  12. Biomolecules: carbohydrates, amino acids, peptides, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids
  13. Synthetic polymers

Β. Laboratory experiments:

  1. Isolation of caffeine from coffee beans and tea leaves
  2. Preparation of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
  3. Isolation of the active ingredient in an analgesic drug
  4. Esterification: Preparation of esters with fruit aromas (aroma of orange, apple, banana, peach, pear and pineapple)
  5. Essential oils: extraction of oil of cloves by steam distillation
  6. Isolation of chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments from spinach. Column chromatography and thin layer chromatography
  7. Alcoholic fermentation: preparation of ethanol by fermentation of sugars and purification by fractional distillation
  8. Saponification: preparation of soap from vegetable oils
  9. Alkyl halide reactivity in nucleophilic substitution reactions
  10. Preparation of biodiesel from vegetable oils
  11. Synthetic dyes: preparation of methyl orange and indigo blue. Dyeing of fabrics and formulation of a paint suitable for painting
  12. Synthetic polymers and plastics: preperation of a polyester and a polyamide (nylon)


Lecture MethodDirect (face to face)
Use of Information and Communication TechnologyPower point presentations,E-class support
Instruction OrganisationActivityWorkload per Semester
- Lectures and Tutorials39
- Lab lectures 13
- Small group laboratory exercises26
- Laboratory reports13
- Autonomous study34
Course Total125

Assessment Method

  1. Oral exam before each laboratory exercise and evaluation of the student’s performance during each laboratory exercise (5%)
  2. 13 group (per 3 or 4 people) laboratory reports delivered within the semester (10%)
  3. Written final examination of the laboratory exercises (15%)
  4. Written final examination that includes problem solving covering the entire subjects taught during lectures and tutorials (70%)

It is noted that each student must have a grade higher than 5 in each of the above assessment procedures


  • Organic Chemistry, John McMurry, Cengage Learning, 9th edition, 2015, ISBN: 9781305080485.
  • Organic Chemistry, Francis Carey, Robert Giuliano, Neil Allison, Susan Bane, McGraw-Hill Education, 11th edition, 2019, ISBN: 9781260148923.
  • Organic Chemistry, David R. Klein, Wiley, 4th edition, 2020, ISBN: 9781119659594.
  • Organic Chemistry, T.W. Graham Solomons, Craig B. Fryhle, Scott A. Snyder, Wiley, 12th edition, 2016, ISBN: 9781118875766.
  • Organic Chemistry, Leroy Wade, Jan Simek, Pearson, 9th edition, 2016, ISBN: 9780321971371.


Course Instructor:Assistant Professor Nikolaos Xekoukoulotakis (Faculty - ChEnvEng)
Lectures:Assistant Professor Nikolaos Xekoukoulotakis (Faculty - ChEnvEng)
Tutorial exercises:Assistant Professor Nikolaos Xekoukoulotakis (Faculty - ChEnvEng)
Laboratory Exercises:Assistant Professor Nikolaos Xekoukoulotakis (Faculty - ChEnvEng), Dr. Konstantina Tyrovola (LTS - ChEnvEng)