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School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering

Now offering two distinct diplomas: Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering

Fuel and Lubricants Tecnology


SchoolChemical and Environmental Engineering
Course LevelUndergraduate
DirectionChemical Engineering
Course IDCHE 501Semester9th
Course CategoryRequired
Course ModulesInstruction Hours per WeekECTS


T=3, E=0, L=0

Course TypeScientific Area
PrerequisitesOrganic Chemistry, Thermodynamics
Instruction/Exam LanguageGreek
The course is offered to Erasmus studentsYes 
Course URL 



Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course the student should be able to:

  • Recall the basic types of fuels originating from the refining of crude oil, the types, production processes, composition and use of alternative fuels (biodiesel, biogas, bioethanol).
  • Recognize the properties and applications of various fuels, the efficiency that they have during their use and the problems that arise from it, the evaluation procedures and the fuels upgrade processes, the environmental impacts of using conventional fuels, the different types and properties of lubricants and have an understanding of their uses and the environmental impacts of using them.
  • Discern the advantages of using alternative fuels, the refining processes of lubricants, the management methods of used lubricants.
  • Apply the most appropriate methods for the refining of lubricants and their management after use.
General Competencies/Skills
  • Review, analysis and synthesis of data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Work in interdisciplinary environment


  1. Introduction to Fuels and Lubricants Technology. Types, classification and properties.
  2. Complete and incomplete combustion, calorific value, degree of efficiency. Liquid, gaseous and solid fuels. Fuel quality assurance. Evaluation procedures for fuel additives. Uses and applications.
  3. Liquid fuel upgrade processes (oxidative desulphurisation, extraction with solvents).
  4. Crude oil and crude oil products. Production, composition, properties, evaluation, environmental impacts and problems arising from their use.
  5. Diesel and heating oil. Composition, production and treatment processes.
  6. Gasoline. Production, composition, properties, additives, mixing, environmental impacts and problems arising from its use.
  7. Shipping and Aircraft Fuels: Production, composition, properties, specifications, environmental impacts and problems arising from their use.
  8. Biofuels. Raw materials, production, classification, composition and evaluation. Use of alternative fuels in internal combustion engines. Biodiesel and its production processes. Bioethanol and its derivatives, its production processes, its use as a component of gasoline. Biogas and its production processes.
  9. Lubricants. Types, classification, properties, use, environmental impacts arising from their use.
  10. Mineral oils. Composition, production and refinement.
  11. De-paraffin of lubricants.
  12. Mixing, control and testing of lubricants.
  13. Management of used lubricants.


Lecture MethodDirect (face to face)

Use of Information and Communication Technology

  • Power point presentations
  • E-class support
Instruction OrganisationActivityWorkload per Semester
- Lectures39
- Autonomous study86
Course Total125

Assessment Method

Ι. Written final examination (100%): 


  • “Technology of fuels and lubricants”, Lois F., Zanikos D., Karonis D. ΕΜΠ, 2014
  • “Beyond Fossil Fuels / The journey back to renewable energy”, Lykouriotis A. , Kordoulis C.  Lykouriotis S., University Publications of Crete, September 2017.
  • “Fuels and Lubricants Handbook”, Rajesh J.S., June 2003.


Course Instructor:Associate Professor P. Panagiotopoulou (Faculty - ChEnvEng)
Lectures:New Faculty Member (Faculty-ChEnvEng)