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School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering

Now offering two distinct diplomas: Chemical Engineering and Environmental Engineering

General Chemistry


SchoolEnvironmental Engineering
Course LevelUndergraduate
Course IDENVE 132Semester2nd
Course CategoryRequired
Course ModulesInstruction Hours per WeekECTS
Lectures and Tutorial Exercises3
Th=2, E=1, L=0
Course Type General Background
Instruction/Exam LanguageGreek
The course is offered to Erasmus studentsYes
Course URLhttps//   (in Greek)



Learning Outcomes

The students will:

  • learn the basic principles of chemistry, including atoms, molecules and ions
  • learn how to perform stoichiometric calculations
  • understand the basic principles of the electronic structure of the atoms and the periodic properties of the elements
  • gain knowledge on the basic concepts of chemical bonding and molecular geometry
  • understand the properties of liquids and the role of the intermolecular forces, including hydrogen bond
  • gain knowledge on the basic principles of acid–base equilibria
  • learn how to calculate the pH of aqueous solutions of strong acids and bases, as well as of weak acids and bases
  • gain knowledge on the properties of buffer solutions and learn how to calculate their pH
General Competencies/Skills
  • Review, analysis and synthesis of data and information, with the use of necessary technologies
  • Work in interdisciplinary environment
  • Environmental protection


1. An Introduction to Chemistry
  • Law of Conservation of Mass
  • Classifications of Matter
  • Properties of Matter
  • Physical and Chemical Properties
2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
  • The Atomic Theory of Matter
  • The Discovery of Atomic Structure
  • The Modern View of Atomic Structure
  • Atomic Numbers, Mass Numbers, and Isotopes
  • Atomic Weights
  • The Periodic Table
  • Molecules and Molecular Compounds
  • Ions and Ionic Compounds
3. Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry
  • Chemical Equations
  • Balancing Equations
  • Formula Weights
  • Avogadro’s Number and the Mole
  • Properties of Solutions
  • Expressing Solution Concentration
4. Electronic Structure of Atoms
  • The Wave Nature of Light
  • Quantized Energy and Photons
  • Line Spectra and the Bohr Model
  • The Wave Behavior of Matter
  • Quantum Mechanics and Atomic Orbitals
  • Representations of Orbitals
  • Many-Electron Atoms
  • Electron Configurations
5. Periodic Properties of the Elements
  • Development of the Periodic Table
  • Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table
  • Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids
6. Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding
  • Lewis Symbols and the Octet Rule
  • Ionic Bonding
  • Covalent Bonding
7. Molecular Geometry
  • Molecular Shapes
  • The VSEPR Model
  • Molecular Shape and Molecular Polarity
8. Liquids and Intermolecular Forces
  • A Molecular Comparison of Gases, Liquids, and Solids
  • Intermolecular Forces
  • Hydrogen bond
9. Acid–Base Equilibria
  • Acids and Bases: A Brief Review
  • Brønsted–Lowry Acids and Bases
  • The Autoionization of Water and the pH Scale
  • Strong Acids and Bases
  • Weak Acids and Weak Bases
  • Relationship between Ka and Kb
  • Acid–Base Properties of Salt Solutions
  • The Common-Ion Effect
  • Buffers
  • Acid–Base Titrations


Lecture MethodDirect (face to face)
Use of Information and Communication TechnologyPower point presentations, E-class support
Instruction OrganisationActivityWorkload per Semester
- Lectures26
- Tutorial Exercises13
- Autonomous study86
Course Total125

Assessment Method

Ι. Written final examination (100%)

  • Problems to be resolved.


  • General Chemistry, Darrell Ebbing, Steven Gammon, Cengage Learning; 11th edition, 2016. ISBN: 978-1305580343
  • Chemistry, The Central Science, 14th Edition, Brown T., LeMay E., Burste B., Murphy C., Woodward P., Stoltzfus M., Pearson, 14th edition, 2017. ISBN: 978-0134414232
  • Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, Tro N., Pearson, 5th edition, 2019. ISBN: 978-0134989693


Course Instructor:Assistant Professor N. Xekoukoulotakis (Faculty - EnvEng)
Lectures:Assistant Professor N. Xekoukoulotakis (Faculty - EnvEng)
Tutorial exercises:Dr. K. Tyrovola (LTS - EnvEng)
Laboratory Exercises: