Solid and Toxic Waste Management

Course Information:

Course ID:B-202
Type of Course:Required

Instructors: Assistant Professor A. Giannis

Recommended Reading:

  • Evangelos Gidarakos, 2012. Solid Waste: Management and Systems Design, Technical University of Crete.
  • Εvangelos Gidarakos, 2006. Hazardous Waste – Management, Treatment, Disposal. ZYGOS Publications, Thessaloniki.
  • Dimitrios Panagiotakopoulos, 2007. Sustainable solid waste management, ZYGOS Publications, Thessaloniki.
  • G. Tchobanoglous, H.Theisen, S.Vrgil (1993). Integrated Solid Waste Management, McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • B. Bilitewski, G. Brunner, K. Marek (2000). Waste Management, Springer Verlag.


  • Registration required

Course objectives:

The course focuses on the qualitative and quantitative analysis, the management procedures and the design of the main processes required for the effective treatment of the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and the Hazardous Waste (HW), respectively.

Additionally, the course includes:

  • Conduction of series of laboratory exercises.
  • Conduction of a Project Design Course with specific issues:
    • Design of a municipal solid waste incineration plant as a source of heat and energy production,
    • Design of a Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) waste plant



1st WeekCharacterization, qualitative and quantitative Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) analysis
2nd Week:Recycling, recycled materials (paper, glass, metallic materials, plastic and batteries). Resources Optimization in a recycling society, economic sustainability.
3rd WeekMethods of mechanical / biological treatment: aerobic composting, anaerobic digestion
4th WeekThermal processes: incineration, pyrolysis, gasification
5th WeekEnvironmental sustainability and economic viability of heat treatments
6th Week:Disposal, landfills, leachates production and composition, biogas production and composition
7th Week:Production of secondary fuels, mining landfills (technical reservoirs of secondary resources)
8th Week:Laboratories- Analysis and processing of experimental data
9th Week:Hazardous waste: Main characteristics, classification, labeling, storage and transport
10th Week:Toxicology and risk analysis
11th Week:Hazardous Waste Management
12th Week:Dioxins (PCDDs), Furans (PCDFs) and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
13th Week:Project presentation and discussion

Work Load:

Lab exercises (A) Municipal Solid Waste

  • Moisture, ash and volatile matter determination
  • Elemental analysis and calorific value
  • Bioreactor waste

Lab exercises (B) HAZARDOUS WASTE

  • Toxicity Assessment of solid environmental samples
  • Flash point of liquid substances determination -Risk assessment
  • Adsorption of toxic substances on charcoal

Assessment method:

  • Lab reports (20%)
  • Project (30%)
  • Final exam (50%)

Last modification: 10-10-2018